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Atmospheric Composition

In this university/multi-agency project, asthma hospital/emergency room (patient) data will be the foundation for creating a health outcome indicator of human response to environmental air quality. NASA will derive environmental data from satellite measurements and models associated with those measurements, with special attention being given to the effect of wildfires and prescribed burns on particulate matter. After linking air quality and health data, space-time models of asthma rates as a function of NASA derived air quality data and socio-demographic variables will be developed and validated. These models will be compared with similar models based on currently available air quality data. The Florida Department of Health (FDOH) will work with county health department staff and representatives from the medical community to establish a protocol with triggers for issuing public health advisories/alerts based on the developed and validated health outcome indicators. From this effort, a science-based policy for issuing public health advisories/alerts for asthma relating to air quality will be developed, giving FDOH the ability to (1) predict, with stated levels of uncertainty, case load of hospital admissions based on air quality, (2) reduce asthma exacerbations by forewarning asthmatics to limit outside activities on poor air quality days, (3) apply management practices on the rates of hospital/emergency room visits for asthma, and (4) provide information that would help translate interventions into policy decisions, thereby reducing the economic burden and increasing well being of asthmatics. Further, the results of the study will be incorporated into Florida's Environmental Public Health Tracking (EPHT) program, which is part of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's (CDC's) EPHT network. This proposal addresses objectives of the solicitation to enhance the Gulf of Mexico Region's usage of NASA Earth Science observations and includes the Air Quality and Public Health application areas of NASA's Applied Sciences Program.

Project PI: Linda Young/University of Florida

404 McCarty Hall C P.O. Box 110339 University of Florida Gainesville, FL 32611-0339

Phone: (352) 392-3067

Fax: (352) 392-8555 

Email: ljyoung @ufl .edu

http://ifasstat.ifas.ufl.edu/LYoung.shtml

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Started: Sep 27, 2010

Last Activity: Feb 09, 2011

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