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Carbon Cycle & Ecosystems

This proposal is directed at the Agricultural Application Area. Row crop agriculture in GOM states has declined precipitously since 1900. A large part of this decline was due to drought losses that compromised the GOM region’s competitive position compared to western irrigated agriculture and grain production in deep water holding soils in the mid-west. In order for the Gulf States to reclaim their productive capacity and respond to the Nation’s need for food, fiber and energy security, they must deal more effectively with drought. The focus of this proposal is to provide tools to improve the response and mitigation of drought in the GOM region. It also contributes to the Nation’s adaptation and mitigation of climate change by providing an adaptation strategy to loss of agriculture in the West. We have included four partner organizations that have different decision roles in the mitigation and response to drought. (1) State Climatologists (SCs) in Alabama and Florida and (2) The National Drought Mitigation Center (NDMC) have a major role in defining the drought delineation lines in their States. Correct drought delineation is critical to fair and accurate response. (3) The USDA NASS has a role in tracking crop evolution and drought impacts. Finally the (4) USDA NRCS has a role under the FY08 Farm Bill in expanding irrigation in the SE in a sustainable manner. This project will provide an array of satellite observations, NASA Earth Science products and model products to provide improved spatial resolution in the delineation of drought in the SE. A new gridded crop model will be run in real-time using NASA products to provide stress maps up to the current time and to final yield for specific crops at spatial resolution of 4 km to estimate impacts of drought as well as water needs for irrigation.

Project PI: Richard McNider/University of Alabama in Huntsville

Earth Systems Science Laboratory University of Alabama in Huntsville Huntsville AL 35899

Phone: (256) 922-5756 

Fax: (256) 922-5755

Email: mcnider@atmos.uah.edu

http://www.teachearth.com/states/Alabama.html

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Started: Sep 27, 2010

Last Activity: Jan 04, 2011

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