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Carbon Cycle & Ecosystems

We propose to assist Northern Gulf of Mexico (NGOM) coastal forest management decision making for the monitoring, management, conservation, and restoration of coastal cypress-tupelo forests. The main end-user for the project is the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) National Wetland Research Center Coastal Restoration Field Center, which provides forest monitoring products to the Louisiana Coastal Forest Conservation Initiative (CFCI), Louisiana wetland Coast-wide Reference Monitoring System (CRMS), and the USGS NGOM Ecosystem Change and Hazard Susceptibility project. The CFCI is managed by the Louisiana Department of Natural Resources (LA DNR). The USGS is collaborating with the LA DNR to develop the CRMS. Baldcypress is a major component of coastal Louisiana forests that is threatened by increased flooding, saltwater intrusion, sea-level rise, hydrologic modifications, insect defoliation, and hurricane damage. The project aims to update coastal cypress forest maps from the 1988 National Wetland Inventory. Complex phenology and poor access make this region’s swamp forests difficult to map. The proposed work leverages a promising preliminary investigation of cypress forest monitoring with Landsat and Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER) data. We propose to further apply Landsat and ASTER data to detect, monitor, and assess cypress forest type and conditions. Multitemporal Landsat, ASTER, and Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer data will be used to monitor and assess cypress forest disturbance from insect herbivory, hurricane impacts, and hydrologic modification. Forestry remote sensing analysts will assess forest type product accuracy by interpreting randomly sampled locations on 1-meter 2007 aerial imagery and ground reference data. The proposing team will formulate sampling design and evaluate product utility and methodologies needed for continuing forest monitoring. This work pertains to multiple Gulf of Mexico Alliance issues, including wetland and coastal conservation restoration. The proposal pertains to agriculture, ecological forecasting, and disaster management applications of NASA's Applied Sciences Program.

Project PI: Joseph Spruce/Science Systems and Applications, Inc.

Building 1105, John C. Stennis Space Center, MS 39522

Phone: (228) 688-3839

Email: joseph.p.spruce@nasa.gov

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Started: Sep 27, 2010

Last Activity: Jan 04, 2011

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