- Related Research Areas
- Earth Surface & Interior
We will develop a new capability for decision-making utilizing NASA remote sensing data and modeling software to provide decision support for earthquake disaster management and response. Integrating our geophysical modeling and earthquake forecasting tools with newly available NASA InSAR capabilities (UAVSAR) will be immediately useful for risk evaluation, and also pave the way for future incorporation of data from the DESDynI Decadal Survey mission. The geodetic data in conjunction with modeling and forecasting tools will allow us to provide both long-term planning information for disaster management decision makers as well as short-term information following earthquake events (i.e. identifying areas where the greatest deformation and damage has occurred and emergency services may need to be focused). We will capitalize on the current multi-agency focus on the San Francisco Bay Area in northern California, due to activities associated with the 140-year anniversary of the Hayward earthquake. We will use this region as a test-bed for the proposed decision support capabilities. This region is ready for earthquake decision support capabilities, as there are considerations for decision makers regarding rapid transit, levee systems, subsidence of coastal regions and basins, as well as landslides should an earthquake occur. The users of our newly developed capabilities will include the USGS and the California Geological Survey (CGS). This proposal addresses NASA Strategic Goal 3, to develop a balanced overall program of science, exploration, and aeronautics consistent with the redirection of the human spaceflight program to focus on exploration. It falls under Sub-goal 3A, to study Earth from space to advance scientific understanding and meet societal needs. Specifically, it will address points 6 and 7 under Sub-goal 3A, progress in characterizing and understanding Earth surface changes and variability of Earth's gravitational and magnetic fields and progress in expanding and accelerating the realization of societal benefits from Earth system science. This proposal relates most obviously to the Disaster Management application area of the Applied Sciences Program. Specifically, this proposal will address development of decision support capabilities related to earthquake response and disaster management, but will also have broad application for use in identifying regions of deformation and subsidence during times of non-earthquake related events. We also note that this work makes direct use of data types to be provided by the Decadal Survey recommended DESDynI mission, paving the road for use of InSAR data and providing an experienced based environment for users. Our combination of new data, modeling, and decision support directly responds to the call in the executive summary of the NRC Decadal Survey which states: "The committee found that fundamental improvements are needed in existing observation and information systems because they only loosely connect three key elements: (1) the raw observations that produce information; (2) the analyses, forecasts, and models that provide timely and coherent syntheses of otherwise disparate information; and (3) the decision processes that use those analyses and forecasts to produce actions with direct societal benefits." [NRC Decadal Survey, 2007, p. 2.]
Project PI: Margaret Glasscoe/Jet Propulsion Laboratory
NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory California Institute of Technology M/S 300-233, 4800 Oak Grove Drive, Pasadena, CA 91109-8099
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