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Earth Surface & Interior

Volcanic eruption plumes pose a significant hazard to air traffic. The risk of damaging or disabling a jetliner is especially high in the northern Pacific, where at least 70 historically active volcanoes in Alaska and the Kamchatka Peninsula of Russia threaten air traffic in a high-volume (50,000 flights/year) circum-polar corridor. One of the goals of the Earth Surface and Interior Focus Area is the prediction of volcanic eruptions and the mitigation of the hazards posed by such events. We propose to develop Plume Tracker, a web portal for the automated detection and tracking of volcanic plumes. Plume Tracker will allow investigators to apply pattern recognition, machine learning, radiative transfer, and mesoscale circulation (wind) models to an active archive of MODIS data for 21 volcanic regions. High-performance computing technology will enable this modeling to be performed on-demand, and visualization tools will enable interactive data analysis to confirm and validate plume detections. Plume Tracker will present a seamless integration of several advanced data analysis and modeling techniques to investigators, increasing the utilization of and science yield from the MODIS data. We will work with colleagues at operational volcano observatories to specify the capabilities and performance of Plume Tracker and perform component and system-level testing during the development of Plume Tracker.

Project PI: Vincent Realmuto/Jet Propulsion Laboratory

Jet Propulsion Laboratory M/S 183-501 4800 Oak Grove Drive Pasadena, CA 91109

Phone: (818)354-1824

Fax: (818)354-0966

Email: Vincent.Realmuto@jpl.nasa.gov

http://science.jpl.nasa.gov/people/Realmuto/

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Started: Aug 09, 2010

Last Activity: Dec 10, 2010

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